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Microfluidics Glossary

Terms and Definitions used in the Microfluidics Industry

Microfludics Terms and Definitions

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Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC)
A device that integrates multiple laboratory functions onto a single chip, typically on the scale of millimeters to a few square centimeters.

Laminar Flow
The non-turbulent, smooth, parallel flow of fluids within microfluidic channels, which is a key characteristic of microfluidic systems. It is characterized by a parabolic shaped linear flow rate across the channel width and height, with the maximum linear flow rate in the middle of the channel and zero flow at the walls of the device.

Lateral Flow Devices
These devices use a method called "immunochromatographic separation" to measure the presence of an analyte. Typical examples include the at-home COVID test, and pregnancy tests . Lateral Flow Devices are the second largest, by market size, type of diagnostic test after Glucose electrochemical tests.

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