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Microfluidics Glossary

Terms and Definitions used in the Microfluidics Industry

Microfludics Terms and Definitions

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The tendency of a surface to attract water, essential for controlling fluid flow and reactions in microfluidic devices. It is characterized by a low contact angle for a droplet on the surface, or wetting out of the surface. Material hydrophilicity is needed to induce capillary flow in a microfluidic device.

The tendency of a surface to repel water, a property often manipulated in microfluidic chip design. Hydrophobicity is characterized by a large contact angle between a flat surface and an aqueous droplet. Aqueous droplets form beads on a hydrophobic surface.

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